All our print products are printed full colour Lithographically. Your Document is printed using a four colour process (CMYK - Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Keyline Black).

It is important you design your documents in a CMYK colourspace. When you begin setting up your document, always select CMYK, if you have been working in RGB for web design don't forget to convert your colours to CMYK before sending to the artwork to us.

Traditional printers often use Pantone Spot colours when printing work. Like paint, spot colours are mixed specially and each colour is printed one at a time. As we use Process Colour, all Pantone Spot colours should be converted to their CMYK equivalent before your file is sent to us.

Black

    If you are using big areas of black in your artwork eg. a black background - we recommend setting your black as C 30%, Y 0%, M 0%, K 100% instead of just K 100%. On screen this colour will look slightly blue but in print will appear black.

When designing for print you must ensure that you create your artwork in the correct document format.
We list the standard size in our print template table, along with the document size including 3mm bleed on each edge.
Click on the arrow images to download our print templates for all the correct dimension

If you create your artwork to the correct size with bleed, you will drastically reduce any potential delays.

If you require print using a size not listed on our site - please use our bespoke quotes form.

When sending files to print we require your artwork to include 3mm bleed on each edge of the document

Bleed refers to the extension of any blocks of graphics or colour that you want to run right up to the edge of the cut sheet.

Without a bleed you can sometimes end up with awhite border around your artwork, where you haven't carried your design far enough into the bleed area.

You can download a template on the right which shows our print sizes with the bleed added

The No1 cause for delays in printing can be attributed to files being sent without bleed.

We print CMYK process colour instead of spot or pantone colours. Spot colours can behave unpredictably, please convert these colours to CMYK to avoid print problems



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PRINTING GLOSSARY
ART PAPER
See 'Coated paper'.

BACKING UP
Printing the reverse side of a sheet already printed on one side.

BLACK and WHITE
Originals or reproductions in single colour (black).

BLEED
Printed area which extends off the trimmed area. It is not possible to print all the way to the edge of the paper sheet. To achieve this effect it is necessary to print a larger area than is required and then trim the paper down. Typically a designer would allow an extra 4mm-5mm of bleed to colour and image areas to allow for a little leeway when trimming.

BOARD
Thick paper over 200gsm in weight, commonly used for folders, brochure covers etc.

BOND PAPER
A basic uncoated paper, often used for copying or laser printers. The better quality bond papers, with higher rag content, can be used for letterheads.

BUSINESS CARD
Business cards are cards bearing business information about a company or individual. They are shared during formal introductions as a convenience and a memory aid. A business card typically includes the giver's name, company affiliation (usually with a logo) and contact information.

CMYK
Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow and Black - used as the basic colours in the printing industry.

CONTRAST
The degree of tones in an image ranging from highlight to shadow.

COATED STOCK
Paper which has a coating usually of china clay. It can be gloss, silk or matt and is suitable for jobs requiring a fine finish such as colour brochures and annual reports.

COLLATE
To bring together and organise printed matter in a specific order.

CROP MARKS
In printing, marks placed on the copy to indicate the edge of the paper. Used as a guide when cutting (or trimming) documents to finished size.

DIE-CUTTING
The process of using sharp steel rules to cut special shapes, such as the pockets of a folder.

DIGITAL PRINTING
Printing processes in which information is transferred from a computer directly onto paper, without the need for film and printing plates.
Digital printing is faster and more cost-effective for small/medium print runs and allows special techniques such as personalisation and printing-on-demand. The process of Digital Full Colour Printing uses an entirely different process to produce the ‘plates’. Instead of a hard image being rendered on to a physical printing plate the ‘image’ is laid down by charging a surface with a layer of electro static electricity. The image is then ‘written’ on to this layer by removing charge in a complex pattern equivalent to ‘dots’ on a lithographic plate. Once this has been done toner or liquid with magnetic properties is applied to the charged plate and ‘sticks’ according to the concentration of charge. The resulting image is then transfer to the paper. When all four colours have been laid down this way the finished image may need to be fused using heat to ‘stick’ it to the paper. The great advantage of Digital Printing over Litho Printing is that there is no physical plate to be made. This means that every image can be different to the one before and the one after.

DOTS PER INCH (DPI)
Measure of the resolution of input devices such as scanners, display devices such as monitors, and output devices such as laser printers,
digital printing presses and monitors.

DRILLING
Making the holes in paper for use in a ring binder. Hole Drilling is carried out using a specially designed hollow drill bit which allows the cut centres of the circles to pass up the shaft. We have several drill diameters 3mm. 3.5mm or 6mm. Drilling is often requested where a finished job is to be placed in a Ring Binder or to be used as a garment tag.

DUPLEX
A printing press equipped to print both sides of a piece of paper in one pass.

ENCAPSULATION
A form of protective enclosure for papers and other flat objects; involves placing the item between two sheets of transparent polyester film
(available in various thicknesses) that are subsequently sealed around all edges.

FINISHING
Any process that follows the actual printing. Can include folding, creasing, stitching, binding and the like.

CREASING
As sheets are pulled in to the machine they are pushed with high pressure against a forme which can have either cutting or creasing rules depending on what is being produced. When creasing, a permanent flattening of the sheet along the crease line makes it easier to fold and much less susceptible to cracking.

FLYER
A small leaflet, commonly printed onto a thick paper, often used to promote bars or nightclubs.

FOLDER
A folder is used to hold loose papers together for organisation, protection and/or presentation. Folders usually consist of a sheet of thick paper which is folded in half. One or more pockets may be affixed inside to contain loose paper documents.

FOUR-COLOUR PROCESS
The most common system for producing full colour print. The four ink colours are Cyan (blue), Magenta (red), Yellow and Black - often referred to as CMYK. The inks can be overprinted and combined in a variety of different proportions to produce a wide range of colours.

SPOT VARNISH
A way of highlighting an area of a page by selectively applying a gloss varnish to it.

STOCK
Paper or other material to be printed. See my article Choosing paper for your print project.

TRIM MARKS
See ‘Crop Marks’.

UV VARNISH
See ‘Spot Varnish’.

WOVE PAPER
Uncoated paper often used for business stationery which has no obvious surface texture or pattern. Compare to Laid Paper.
FULL-COLOUR PRINTING
What is full colour (or CMYK or Process) Printing? C - cyan M - magenta Y - yellow K - key (or black) CMYK is the colour model used in full colour printing (which is also referred to as four-colour printing and process printing). By overlaying various tints of these four inks it's possible to reproduce a vast range of colours. Full Colour Printing is produced by the combination of Four Colours – Cyan, Magenta, Yellow and Black (also known as Key explaining why the process is
sometimes described as CMYK printing). The process involves separating each of the colours in the files in to their four colour components. The colour separation is known as colour screening and today this is generally a digital process. A separate Print Plate is made for each colour. The image on the plates consists of a series of halftones, areas of solid and areas where there is no image at all. A halftone is made up of a number of tiny dots with white space between them. The heavier the halftone the greater is the concentration (or frequency) of dots and vice versa for lighter Halftones. The process of Printing involves wetting the plate with water. The water ‘sticks’ to areas without image and does not stick to areas with image.
Next ink is applied to the plate. The ink ‘sticks’ to the dry areas of plate, (i.e. the imaged areas). The image on the plate is then transferred (or offset) on to a rubber blanket. The image on the blanket then transfers to the paper or board as it passes through the press.
The reason the plate can be right reading (rather than all reversed as in original letter press machines) is that the image does not transfer directly to the paper. The image on the offset cylinder is reversed so that the image on the paper is right reading again. In Full Colour Printing the image on each of the four plates is printed separately with the second overlaid on the first and so on. When the images on all four plates have been printed, the result is a reproduction of colour. The small dots on each individual plate come together to create a complete colour image, although the individual dots can still be seen with the aid of a powerful magnifying glass.


GSM
Abbreviation for ‘grams per square metre’. This indicates the weight of paper or other stock. For example a typical photocopier paper is 80gsm, a good letterhead paper might be 120 gsm, a postcard would be about 300gsm.

LAID PAPER
Uncoated paper often used for business stationery which has a textured pattern of parallel lines similar to hand made paper.
Compare to Wove Paper.

LAMINATION
A plastic film bonded by heat and pressure to a printed sheet for protection. Available in matt or gloss finish. Lamination is an ‘Offline’ process carried out after printing has been completed on Press. The printed sheets are fed through a machine containing a roll of very thin laminate film. The film is heated to liquify a heat sensitive glue and then rolled on to the printed sheets. As the composite cools the sheets are left with a Gloss or Matt Finish depending on the laminate used.
Matt lamination gives the finished printing a soft 'satin' finish that is smooth to the touch. Gloss Lamination gives a smooth shiny surface.
Please note laminated surfaces are not suitable to be written on. Lamination is most commonly used on our Full Colour Business Cards.

LANDSCAPE
An oblong artwork or photograph where horizontal dimension is greater than the vertical.

LEAFLET
A leaflet usually consists of a printed sheet of paper not larger than international standard A4 in size. Leaflets are used to convey information and are commonly used by companies, organisations and individuals to advertise products, services, events and activities.

LETTERHEAD
A piece of paper - usually A4 or A5 in size - used by a company or organisation for official correspondence. Letterheads usually
feature the name, logo and contact details of an organisation.

LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING (litho)
A conventional (non-digital) print process. The process works by first transferring an image to thin metal, paper, or plastic printing plates.
Rollers apply oil-based ink and water to the plates. Only the inked image portion is transferred to a rubber blanket that then transfers
the image onto the paper as it passes between it and another cylinder beneath the paper.

MICRON
Although paper is usually measured in grams per square metre (weight), it is sometimes measured in microns (thickness). A micron is unit of measure equal to one millionth of a metre or .00004".

PANTONE
Pantone, Pantone Matching System and PMS + are Pantone Inc’s industry-standard trademarks for colour standards, colour data, colour reproduction and colour reproduction materials, and other colour related products and services, meeting its specifications, control and quality requirements.

PDF
Portable Document Format - The industry standard for saving files in an acceptable format. Quick, cheap and increasingly stable, often used for viewing proofs and for supply of final artwork.

PERFECT BOUND
A way of adhesive binding multi-section jobs. Individual sections are collected together and the spine is ground off (typically 3mm).
Glue is then applied to the spine and a cover pulled on before the product is trimmed to size.

PORTRAIT
An upright, oblong artwork or photograph where vertical dimension is greater than the horizontal.

POSTCARD
A rectangular piece of printed card, usually A6 or A5 in size, posted without an envelope and used for advertising or as a greeting.

POSTER
A poster is any large piece of printed paper designed to be attached to a wall or vertical surface. Posters are often used as a form of advertising or by campaigners and protesters to communicate a message.

PRE-PRESS
All procedures (and costs) associated with bringing a job to press, such as design, artwork, proofs, set-up etc.

PROOF
A version of a document produced for the purpose of review before it is printed. See my article Proofs - never, ever print without one!

REAM
Five hundred sheets of paper.

RGB
Red, green, blue additive primary colours.

SADDLE STITCH
In binding, to fasten a booklet by wiring it (stapling) through the middle fold of the sheets.

SCORE
To impress or indent a mark in the paper, to make folding easier.

SPIRAL BINDING
A binding, as used in notebooks, in which the pages are fastened together by a spiral of wire or plastic that coils through a series of holes punched along the edge of the document.
PRINTING GLOSSARY
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